What is the meaning of the phrase "after a fashion"? I take it that the word fashion has different connotations here than its usual meaning. Dumbledore just came back from a secret mission where he had been forced to drink poison in order to acquire an important item.
After a fashion , according to Webster's new world dictionary, means "in some way or to some extent, not fully".
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However, by any measure, the clothing industry accounts for a significant share of world economic output. These levels consist of many separate but interdependent sectors. Each sector is devoted to the goal of satisfying consumer demand for apparel under conditions that enable participants in the industry to operate at a profit.
Fashion trends are influenced by several factors including cinema, celebrities, climate, creative explorations, political, economical, social and technological. Examining these factors is called a PEST analysis. Fashion forecasters can use this information to help determine growth or decline of a particular trend. Fashion trends change daily, it can not stay unchanged. Not only did political events make a huge impact on fashion trends but also the political figure played a critical role in forecasting the fashion trend.
For example, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy was a fashionable icon of the early s who led formal dressing trend.
By wearing a Chanel suit, a structural Givenchy shift dress or a soft color Cassini coat with huge buttons, it created her elegant look and led a delicate trend. Furthermore, political revolution also made much impact on the fashion trend. For example, during the s the economy had become wealthier, divorce rate was increasing and government approved the birth control pill. This revolution inspired younger generation to rebellion. In , the leg-baring miniskirt has become a major fashion trend of the s.
Given that fashion designers began to experiment with the shapes of garment, loose sleeveless, micro-minis, flared skirts, and trumpet sleeves.
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In this case, mini-skirt trend became an icon of the s. Moreover, political movement built an impressive relationship with fashion trend. For instance, during Vietnam war, the youth of America made a movement that affected the whole country. In the s, the fashion trend was full of fluorescent colors, prints patterns, bell-bottom jeans, fringed vests, and skirt became a protest outfit of the s. This trend was called Hippie and it is still affecting current fashion trend.
Technology plays a large role in most aspects of today's society. Technological influences are growing more apparent in the fashion industry. Advances and new developments are shaping and creating current and future trends. Developments such as wearable technology have become an important trend in fashion and will continue with advances such as clothing constructed with solar panels that charge devices and smart fabrics that enhance wearer comfort by changing color or texture based on environmental changes.
The fashion industry is seeing how 3D printing technology has influenced designers such as Iris Van Herpen and Kimberly Ovitz.
These designers have been heavily experimenting and developing 3D printed couture pieces. As the technology grows, the 3D printers will become more accessible to designers and eventually consumers, which could potentially shape the fashion industry entirely. Internet technology such as online retailers and social media platforms have given way for trends to be identified, marketed and sold immediately. Posts on Instagram or Facebook can easily increase awareness about new trends in fashion, which subsequently may create high demand for specific items or brands,  new "buy now button" technology can link these styles with direct sales.
Machine vision technology has been developed to track how fashions spread through society. The industry can now see the direct correlation on how fashion shows influence street-chic outfits. The effects can now be quantified and provide valuable feedback to fashion houses, designers and consumers regarding trends. Military technology has played an important role in the fashion industry. The camouflage pattern in clothing was developed to help military personal be less visible to enemy forces.
A trend emerged in the s and camouflage fabric was introduced to street wear. The camouflage fabric trend disappeared and resurfaced several times since then. Camouflage started to appear in high fashion by the s. A company called Hyperstealth is said to have created a technology that can make an object or person invisible. The company has continued developing this technology, but due to safety and legal concerns minimal information has been released to the public. Additional projects such as using interactive or intelligent technology sources that will be embedding into textiles will adjust to surroundings such as weather.
Fashion trend goes beyond the aesthetic values, it emerges as an expressive tool for designers to deliver their message about the society. With the influence of social media, celebrities and bloggers, their voice are easily being heard and have impact on fashion and trend at any time. Fashion and music are inseparable. Prabal Gurung  highlighted the importance of music to his shows, saying "each season we want to tell a story for 10 minutes….
Music is a representation of fashion that expresses the abstract design concept into relatable harmony for viewers.
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Fashion relates to social and cultural context of an environment. According to Matika,  "Elements of popular culture become fused when a person's trend is associated with a preference for a genre of music…like music, news or literature, fashion has been fused into everyday lives. Atop a New Orleans police car in a red-and-white Gucci high-collar dress and combat boots, she sits among the ruins of Hurricane Katrina, immediately implanting herself in the biggest national debate on police brutality and race relations in modern day.
Runway show is a reflection of fashion trend and a designer's thought. For designer like Vivienne Westwood, runway show is a platform for her voice on politics and current events. For her AW15 menswear show, according to Water,  "where models with severely bruised faces channeled eco-warriors on a mission to save the planet.
As we undergo a global economic downturn [ when? People have also become more conscious of the impact their everyday consumption has on the environment and society. They're looking for ways to mediate their material desires with an aim to do more good in the world. A linear economy is slowly shifting to a circular one. In today's linear economical system, manufacturers extract resources from the earth to make products that will soon be discarded in landfills, on the other hand, under the circular model, the production of goods operates like systems in nature, where the waste and demise of a substance becomes the food and source of growth for something new.
catch phrases - "After a fashion" - English Language & Usage Stack Exchange
This Dutch company "represents a new consuming philosophy that is about using instead of owning," according to MUD's website. The concept also protects the company from volatile cotton prices. MUD is responsible for any repairs during the lease period. Consumption as a share of gross domestic product in China has fallen for six decades, from 76 percent in to 28 percent in China plans to reduce tariffs on a number of consumer goods and expand its hour transit visa plan to more cities in an effort to stimulate domestic consumption. The announcement of import tax reductions follows changes in June , when the government cut the tariffs on clothing, cosmetics and various other goods by half.
Among the changes — easier tax refunds for overseas shoppers and accelerated openings of more duty-free shops in cities covered by the hour visa scheme. The hour visa was introduced in Beijing and Shanghai in January and has been extended to 18 Chinese cities. According to reports at the same time, Chinese consumer spending in other countries such as Japan has slowed even though the yen has dropped. Consumers all have different needs and demands that have to be suited. A person's needs change frequently.
Gender, age, income, and even profession can help a company better understand the needs of their customers. For example, a woman who is pregnant could be looking for diapers, baby strollers, and maternity clothes. Her needs would differ greatly from a woman with children that just went off to college or a teen entering high school. Often consumers need to be told what they want. You cannot start with the technology and try to figure out where you are going to sell it". There are two research methods: Benefits of primary research is specific information about a fashion brand's consumer is explored.
Definition of 'after a fashion'
Surveys are helpful tools; questions can be open-ended or closed-ended. A negative factor surveys and interviews present is that the answers can be biased, due to wording in the survey or on face-to-face interactions. Focus groups, about 8 to 12 people, can be beneficial because several points can be addressed in depth. However, there are drawbacks to this tactic, too.
With such a small sample size, it is hard to know if the greater public would react the same way as the focus group. There is less of a bias because consumers are just performing their daily tasks, not necessarily realizing they are being observed. For example, observing the public by taking street style photos of people, the consumer did not get dressed in the morning knowing that would have their photo taken necessarily. They just wear what they would normally wear. Through observation patterns can be seen, helping trend forecasters know what their target market needs and wants.
Fashion breathes on media and medium. The media plays a significant role when it comes to fashion. For instance, an important part of fashion is fashion journalism. Editorial critique, guidelines, and commentary can be found on television and in magazines, newspapers, fashion websites, social networks, and fashion blogs. In recent years, fashion blogging and YouTube videos have become a major outlet for spreading trends and fashion tips, creating an online culture of sharing one's style on a website or Instagram account.
Through these media outlets readers and viewers all over the world can learn about fashion, making it very accessible.